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The ANZAC Centenary – Remembering 100 Years of Service

April 24, 2015


The First World War & the Beginning of the ANZAC Tradition

On August 4, 1914 Britain declared war on Germany. Australia then in turn quickly pledged its support for its ally and volunteer recruiting then began shortly after. The Australian Defence Act (1903) stipulated that the government could only use conscripts to fight on Australian soil and could not send them overseas. Enlistment stayed voluntary for the duration of the war.

During the duration of the First World War (1914-1918), Australia’s population was approximately 4.9 million.[2] Around 420,000 Australians voluntarily enlisted for service in the war, representing 38.7 per cent of the male population aged 18 to 44. A staggering number.[3]


Volunteers being sworn in at Port Macquarie Showground (State Library of NSW)[7]

Some of the first major actions of the war included:

  •  11 September 1914: Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force landed at Rabaul in German New Guinea (now Papua New Guinea).
  •  17 September 1914: The contingent took possession of German New Guinea at Toma.
  •  October 1914: The neighbouring islands of the Bismarck Archipelago were captured.
  •  25 April 1915: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed on Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). They were accompanied by ally troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France.
  •  20 December 1915: The campaign at Gallipoli ends and all troops are evacuated.
  •  July 1916: Australian troops arrive in France and then participate in the battle of the Somme, a major British offensive. While engaged in the war on the western front, over 5,000 causalities are suffered at the Battle of Fromelles.
  •  1917: Australian troops fight in key battles including Bullecourt, Messines and Passchendaele.
  •  4 July, 1918: The Australians capture Hamel.
  •  30 October, 1918: Turkey signs an armistice.
  •  11 November 1918: Germany surrenders.[4][5][6]

At the conclusion of the war; of the approximately 420,000 enlistees, 60,000 were killed and 156,000 were wounded or taken as prisoners.[4]


A platoon of the 13th Battalion, 4th Brigade, AIF at Gallipoli. The platoon is awaiting an address by its commander Captain Joseph Lee, in the Sphinx Gully, probably prior to the brigade’s night march on 6-7 August 1915 to attack Kocitemenepe (AWM P02536.002)[8]

The ANZAC Centenary

The word ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers who fought together became known as Anzacs, exemplifying a tradition of service, selflessness and mateship. April 25th was officially designated ANZAC Day in 1916 by Australia and New Zealand. It is a national holiday in both countries and a day of remembrance. Commemorative services are held each year at dawn, the time of the original Gallipoli landing.

With the start of the Second World War and other conflicts including those of Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq; ANZAC Day has been expanded to include remembrance of all servicemen and women who have given so much to Australia. The ANZAC Centenary marks one hundred years since Australia’s involvement in the First World War, and one hundred years of this noble service.

The health and medical ANZAC Research Institute was named after and in remembrance of this tradition. This ANZAC Day we commemorate and learn from the sacrifice of so many Anzacs who gave so much.

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[2] Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, Official yearbook of the Commonwealth of Australia, no. 12, 1919 (Melbourne: Albert J. Mullett, 1919).
[3] E. Scott, Australia during the war: the official history of Australia in the war of 1914–1918, vol. XI (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1941, p. 889).

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New ANZAC Research Institute 'Discovery' Newsletter Available

New ANZAC Research Institute ‘Discovery’ Newsletter Available

March 30, 2015

Discovery is the ANZAC Research Institute´s newsletter; providing information about new developments and ongoing research projects at the Institute. It also introduces some of our top scientists and provides human interest stories of how their research work benefits patients, at Concord Hospital and in the wider community. To access the newsletters, simply click on the listed items below, and then download the file.

about_news_jan2018 Issue 19 – January 2018 PDF >>
about_news_feb2017 Issue 18 – February 2017 PDF >>
about_news_jul2016 Issue 17 – July 2016 PDF >>
about_news_dec2015 Issue 16 – December 2015 PDF >>
about_news_nov2015 Issue 15 – November 2015 PDF >>
about_news_mar2015 Issue 14 – March 2015 PDF >>
about_news_jun2014 Issue 13 – June 2014 PDF >>
about_news_nov2012 Issue 12 – November 2012 PDF >>
about_news_may2012 Issue 11 – May 2012 PDF >>
about_news_nov2011 Issue 10 – November 2011 PDF >>
about_news_apr2011 Issue 9 – April 2011 PDF >>
about_news_jan2011 Issue 8 – January 2012 PDF >>
about_news_aug2010 Issue 7 – August 2010 PDF >>
about_news_dec2009 Issue 6 – December 2009 PDF >>
about_news_apr2009 Issue 5 – April 2009 PDF >>
about_news_mar2008 Issue 3 – March 2008 PDF >>
about_news_jun2007 Issue 1 – June 2007 PDF >>
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CRGH Early Career Research Prize Awarded to Konstantin Horas

CRGH Early Career Research Prize Awarded to Konstantin Horas

October 1, 2014

On Monday 18th August, Dr Konstantin Horas from the ANZAC Research Institutes’s Bone Biology group presented with three other finalists and was awarded the Concord Repatriation General Hospital (CRGH) Early Career Research Prize for 2014. Congratulations Konstantin!



Dr Horas with other members of the Bone Biology group. Left to right: Dr Yu Zheng, Dr Konstantin Horas (Winner CRGH Early Career Research Prize 2014), Prof Markus Seibel, A/Prof Hong Zho.

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The ANZAC Research Institute

The ANZAC Research Institute is holding a “New Developments in Metabolic Phenotyping” mini symposium

September 12, 2014

The ANZAC Research Institute is holding a mini symposium in conjunction with Sable Systems International, entitled “New Developments in Metabolic Phenotyping” on 14 & 15 October, at the ANZAC Research Institute, Gate 3 Hospital Rd Concord.

For further information contact Julie Taranto (02) 9767 9191 or
Registration fee $50.

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Thesis Competition

Concord Clinical Week Holds its Annual 3 Minute Thesis Competition

August 27, 2014

12 bright, young PhD candidates presented their work at Concord Clinical Week 2014 in the Concord 3 Minute Thesis Competition. Congratulations to Dr Naseem Mirbagheri, who was the winner with her presentation entitled “Central Brain Responses of Sacral Nerve Stimulation in Patients with Faecal Incontinence.”

The runner up was Ashanya Malalasekera who presented on “Understanding the Patient Journey to Diagnosis and treatment of Lung Cancer”, with 3rd prize going to Sylvia Gasparini for “Glucocorticoids, Bad Bones, Bad Body”.



3 Minute Thesis Competition Winner – Dr Naseem Mirbagheri

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The ANZAC Research Institute is having its 13th Annual Symposium

July 20, 2014

On the subject of “Contemporary issues in Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Coronary disease”


Friday, 29th August 2014
8.30am – 5.00pm
Concord Medical Education Centre, Concord Hospital

Keynote Speakers:
Prof Eicke Latz Germany
Prof Karlheinz Peter, Melbourne
Prof Shaun Jackson, SydneyFor full program & registration contact Julie Taranto (02) 9767 9191 or $30 (including registration, morning tea and lunch)
Students free



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ANZAC goes green

The ANZAC Goes Green

March 31, 2014

At the ANZAC Research Institute, one of the most trafficked areas is a courtyard that divides the office building, animal unit and laboratories. Seeing an opportunity, some ANZAC staff came up with the idea or reimagining the space to create a community garden that everyone could enjoy.



Some basil growing in the courtyard garden.

A group was formed to discuss better uses of the courtyard space. Mark Jimenez, a member of the group explains

“Initially there were pebble beds with weeds growing; the plants hadn’t been looked after very well. People didn’t enjoy using the space.”

“We called a meeting for people to give us ideas for the best use of that particular space. Through extensive discussion the idea came out that if we had a community garden then everyone would feel like they had ownership of the space and could enjoy it.”

Using a limited budget, a builder was brought in to concrete a central cohesive area that would have tables and chairs, and then helped build raised beds to grow plants and herbs. Another garden bed was made around the courtyard’s prominent tree.

Vegetables like yardlong beans, lettuce, tomato and eggplant were grown. Herbs were planted like basil, thyme, oregano and chives. Lemongrass, chili peppers, a miniature citrus tree and a passionfruit vine soon sprang up. Flowers were also placed around the garden to beautify it.

Staff and students now have a much more pleasant view when walking through the courtyard. Anyone is free to help themselves to some herbs or vegetables and often pick things out to take home for their dinner recipe. The gardening group now meets regularly, and has future plans for the courtyard garden involving using pots to grow even more things.

What started a simple idea has now transformed a courtyard, and shown what can be done with something as simple as a neglected walkway. Mark Jimenez put it simply

“It’s all an exercise in owning our own environment”.



A now greener space.



Some eggplant growing.



The garden getting some needed sun.



The garden growing vertically.

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New Biennial Report

New Biennial Report available

March 20, 2014

Annual Reports

The Annual Reports of the ANZAC Research Institute provide a wealth of information on the research programs of our individual laborites and, details about our ongoing epidemiology studies. They also contain details of staff and students, particulars of research grant and, a listing of peer reviewed publications.

The Reports also contain information about The ANZAC Health and Medical Research Foundation. The Foundation is a charitable organization, established in 1995 to develop health and medical research. The Foundation manages the operations of the Anzac Research Institute. The Reports also provide a historical record of the Institute’s achievements.

To download a pdf version of the reports, click on any of the links below.

Financial Report 2017 PDF >>
Biennial Report 2015-2017 PDF >>
Financial Report 2016 PDF >>
Financial Report 2015 PDF >>
Biennial Report 2013-2015 PDF >>
Financial Report 2014 PDF >>
Biennial Report 2012-2013 PDF >>
Financial Report 2013 PDF >>
Financial Report 2012 PDF >>
Annual Report 2011 PDF >>
Annual Report 2010 PDF >>
Annual Report 2009 PDF >>
Annual Report 2008 PDF >>
Annual Report 2007 PDF >>
Annual Report 2006 PDF >>
Annual Report 2005 PDF >>
Annual Report 2004 PDF >>
Annual Report 2003 PDF >>
Annual Report 2002 PDF >>
Annual Report 2001 PDF >>
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Testosterone for the Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus Trial seeks male participants

March 14, 2014

Can testosterone shots prevent diabetes in men?

news_104_lg1Photos: Channel 9 filming a news item on the research at the ANZAC Research Institute.

University of Sydney researchers are seeking male participants for a novel trial assessing whether regular testosterone shots can prevent type 2 diabetes in men.

The $4.8 million Testosterone for the prevention of Diabetes Mellitus (T4DM) study – the first of its kind in the world – is looking at the potential benefits of treating men with early signs of the condition (pre-diabetes) with testosterone supplements in conjunction with a dedicated weight-loss program.

The researchers are seeking up to 1500 overweight male participants aged 50-74 for this ground-breaking study ranging across NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.

Lead investigator, Associate Professor Ann Conway, said men who sign up for the study would have free access to the online weight-loss program run by Weight Watchers.

“An online program is ideal for men who prefer not to attend Weight Watchers meetings,” she said.

“The T4DM trial will look into whether diet and testosterone can prevent type 2 diabetes in men who have prediabetes and relatively low testosterone.

“We will be recruiting 1500 men who do not yet have diabetes across Australia to join the study, people who exhibit pre-diabetes conditions, such as being overweight around the middle.

“Study participation will last approximately two years and participants will receive free access to Weight Watchers and treatment with either testosterone or placebo.

“By giving testosterone supplements to men in that critical pre-diabetes stage, and by putting them on a dedicated weight-loss program, we hope to see sustained reductions in weight and a reduced chance to develop type 2 diabetes.

“Older men who have developed a large belly and are at risk of diabetes now have an opportunity to do something about their weight, improve their lives, and provide us with all-important research results that could benefit many others in the future.”


Dr Conway said in the first six months of study participation, 77 per cent of men lost weight.

“And 83 per cent of men reported that they were getting up at least once at night to urinate before they joined the study. The study participants said this is a very important issue to them, many said it was this problem that motivated them to join the study and take steps to improve their health.

“After only six months of study participation 22 per cent of participants have already reported that they are getting up less often or are not getting up at all and we hope to see this improve further as the study continues.”

Trial participant Michael Pryke signed up because he knew he was at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, given combined factors of lifestyle, weight and a lack of exercise.

“My wife works hard on her own health and on our dietary habits, but I have lacked the necessary motivation to really do something,” he said.

“This study has provided the impetus to finally make the long term life style changes I know I should be implementing, while offering an opportunity to contribute to ongoing research in this area.”

To potential trial participants, Mr Pryke said: “Go for it – you have nothing to lose and an enormous amount to gain.

“Proving the role of testosterone in weight loss will be important and I believe publicity around the positive impacts on the lives of the men who actively participate will have a broader impact.”

Fellow trial participant, Dr Tony Partridge said he had learnt more about pre diabetes and making the relevant lifestyle changes as a result of participating in the trial.

“I have a healthy self-image and an active lifestyle so I was surprised to find I was at risk,” he said.

“Give it a go. You might help others to better health and perhaps also help yourself if risk factors are indicated.”

How to sign up to participate: 1300 865 436

This study is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).

Trial contact and interviews: Associate Professor Ann Conway, 02 9767 7222, 0419 011 357 or

Media contact: Rachel Gleeson 02 9351 4630, 0481 004 782,

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ANZAC Research Institute hosts it's 12th Annual Symposium

The ANZAC Research Institute hosts it’s 12th Annual Symposium

September 10, 2013

The ANZAC Research Institute hosts it’s 12th Annual Symposium.

Photos: Presenters and participants at the symposium.

On Friday 6th September 2013, the ANZAC Research Institute hosted it’s 12th Annual Symposium on the topic of “Frontiers in Bone Biology and Osteoporosis Research”. The Keynote speakers were: Professor Roland Baron, (Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA) and Professor Clifford Rosen (Maine Medical Centre, USA).

Other presenters included Dr Natalie Sims (St. Vincent’s Institute, Melbourne), Dr Paul Baldock (Garvan Institute, Sydney), Professor Mark Cooper (ANZAC Research Institute), Dr Tara Brennan-Speranza (ANZAC Research Institute), Professor Peter Croucher (Garvan Institute), Professor Mike Rogers (Garvan Institute) and Mr Paul Mitchell (Osteoporosis Board of New Zealand and ANZ Hip Fracture Registry steering group).


Professor Clifford Rosen presenting.



Professor Roland Baron presenting.



Some of the attendees.



The presenters at the symposium.

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