News and Events
The First World War & the Beginning of the ANZAC Tradition
On August 4, 1914 Britain declared war on Germany. Australia then in turn quickly pledged its support for its ally and volunteer recruiting then began shortly after. The Australian Defence Act (1903) stipulated that the government could only use conscripts to fight on Australian soil and could not send them overseas. Enlistment stayed voluntary for the duration of the war.
During the duration of the First World War (1914-1918), Australia’s population was approximately 4.9 million. Around 420,000 Australians voluntarily enlisted for service in the war, representing 38.7 per cent of the male population aged 18 to 44. A staggering number.
Some of the first major actions of the war included:
- 11 September 1914: Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force landed at Rabaul in German New Guinea (now Papua New Guinea).
- 17 September 1914: The contingent took possession of German New Guinea at Toma.
- October 1914: The neighbouring islands of the Bismarck Archipelago were captured.
- 25 April 1915: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed on Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). They were accompanied by ally troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France.
- 20 December 1915: The campaign at Gallipoli ends and all troops are evacuated.
- July 1916: Australian troops arrive in France and then participate in the battle of the Somme, a major British offensive. While engaged in the war on the western front, over 5,000 causalities are suffered at the Battle of Fromelles.
- 1917: Australian troops fight in key battles including Bullecourt, Messines and Passchendaele.
- 4 July, 1918: The Australians capture Hamel.
- 30 October, 1918: Turkey signs an armistice.
- 11 November 1918: Germany surrenders.
At the conclusion of the war; of the approximately 420,000 enlistees, 60,000 were killed and 156,000 were wounded or taken as prisoners.
The ANZAC Centenary
The word ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers who fought together became known as Anzacs, exemplifying a tradition of service, selflessness and mateship. April 25th was officially designated ANZAC Day in 1916 by Australia and New Zealand. It is a national holiday in both countries and a day of remembrance. Commemorative services are held each year at dawn, the time of the original Gallipoli landing.
With the start of the Second World War and other conflicts including those of Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq; ANZAC Day has been expanded to include remembrance of all servicemen and women who have given so much to Australia. The ANZAC Centenary marks one hundred years since Australia’s involvement in the First World War, and one hundred years of this noble service.
The health and medical ANZAC Research Institute was named after and in remembrance of this tradition. This ANZAC Day we commemorate and learn from the sacrifice of so many Anzacs who gave so much.
 Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, Official yearbook of the Commonwealth of Australia, no. 12, 1919 (Melbourne: Albert J. Mullett, 1919).
 E. Scott, Australia during the war: the official history of Australia in the war of 1914–1918, vol. XI (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1941, p. 889).
Discovery is the ANZAC Research Institute´s newsletter; providing information about new developments and ongoing research projects at the Institute. It also introduces some of our top scientists and provides human interest stories of how their research work benefits patients, at Concord Hospital and in the wider community. To access the newsletters, simply click on the listed items below, and then download the file.
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On Monday 18th August, Dr Konstantin Horas from the ANZAC Research Institutes’s Bone Biology group presented with three other finalists and was awarded the Concord Repatriation General Hospital (CRGH) Early Career Research Prize for 2014. Congratulations Konstantin!
The ANZAC Research Institute is holding a mini symposium in conjunction with Sable Systems International, entitled “New Developments in Metabolic Phenotyping” on 14 & 15 October, at the ANZAC Research Institute, Gate 3 Hospital Rd Concord.
For further information contact Julie Taranto (02) 9767 9191 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Registration fee $50.
12 bright, young PhD candidates presented their work at Concord Clinical Week 2014 in the Concord 3 Minute Thesis Competition. Congratulations to Dr Naseem Mirbagheri, who was the winner with her presentation entitled “Central Brain Responses of Sacral Nerve Stimulation in Patients with Faecal Incontinence.”
The runner up was Ashanya Malalasekera who presented on “Understanding the Patient Journey to Diagnosis and treatment of Lung Cancer”, with 3rd prize going to Sylvia Gasparini for “Glucocorticoids, Bad Bones, Bad Body”.
On the subject of “Contemporary issues in Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Coronary disease”
8.30am – 5.00pm
Concord Medical Education Centre, Concord Hospital
Prof Eicke Latz Germany
Prof Karlheinz Peter, Melbourne
Prof Shaun Jackson, SydneyFor full program & registration contact Julie Taranto (02) 9767 9191 or email@example.comCost: $30 (including registration, morning tea and lunch)
At the ANZAC Research Institute, one of the most trafficked areas is a courtyard that divides the office building, animal unit and laboratories. Seeing an opportunity, some ANZAC staff came up with the idea or reimagining the space to create a community garden that everyone could enjoy.
“Initially there were pebble beds with weeds growing; the plants hadn’t been looked after very well. People didn’t enjoy using the space.”
“We called a meeting for people to give us ideas for the best use of that particular space. Through extensive discussion the idea came out that if we had a community garden then everyone would feel like they had ownership of the space and could enjoy it.”
Using a limited budget, a builder was brought in to concrete a central cohesive area that would have tables and chairs, and then helped build raised beds to grow plants and herbs. Another garden bed was made around the courtyard’s prominent tree.
Vegetables like yardlong beans, lettuce, tomato and eggplant were grown. Herbs were planted like basil, thyme, oregano and chives. Lemongrass, chili peppers, a miniature citrus tree and a passionfruit vine soon sprang up. Flowers were also placed around the garden to beautify it.
Staff and students now have a much more pleasant view when walking through the courtyard. Anyone is free to help themselves to some herbs or vegetables and often pick things out to take home for their dinner recipe. The gardening group now meets regularly, and has future plans for the courtyard garden involving using pots to grow even more things.
What started a simple idea has now transformed a courtyard, and shown what can be done with something as simple as a neglected walkway. Mark Jimenez put it simply
“It’s all an exercise in owning our own environment”.
The Annual Reports of the ANZAC Research Institute provide a wealth of information on the research programs of our individual laborites and, details about our ongoing epidemiology studies. They also contain details of staff and students, particulars of research grant and, a listing of peer reviewed publications.
The Reports also contain information about The ANZAC Health and Medical Research Foundation. The Foundation is a charitable organization, established in 1995 to develop health and medical research. The Foundation manages the operations of the Anzac Research Institute. The Reports also provide a historical record of the Institute’s achievements.
To download a pdf version of the reports, click on any of the links below.
|Financial Report 2017||PDF >>|
|Biennial Report 2015-2017||PDF >>|
|Financial Report 2016||PDF >>|
|Financial Report 2015||PDF >>|
|Biennial Report 2013-2015||PDF >>|
|Financial Report 2014||PDF >>|
|Biennial Report 2012-2013||PDF >>|
|Financial Report 2013||PDF >>|
|Financial Report 2012||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2011||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2010||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2009||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2008||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2007||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2006||PDF >>|
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|Annual Report 2004||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2003||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2002||PDF >>|
|Annual Report 2001||PDF >>|
Can testosterone shots prevent diabetes in men?
Photos: Channel 9 filming a news item on the research at the ANZAC Research Institute.
University of Sydney researchers are seeking male participants for a novel trial assessing whether regular testosterone shots can prevent type 2 diabetes in men.
The $4.8 million Testosterone for the prevention of Diabetes Mellitus (T4DM) study – the first of its kind in the world – is looking at the potential benefits of treating men with early signs of the condition (pre-diabetes) with testosterone supplements in conjunction with a dedicated weight-loss program.
The researchers are seeking up to 1500 overweight male participants aged 50-74 for this ground-breaking study ranging across NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.
Lead investigator, Associate Professor Ann Conway, said men who sign up for the study would have free access to the online weight-loss program run by Weight Watchers.
“An online program is ideal for men who prefer not to attend Weight Watchers meetings,” she said.
“The T4DM trial will look into whether diet and testosterone can prevent type 2 diabetes in men who have prediabetes and relatively low testosterone.
“We will be recruiting 1500 men who do not yet have diabetes across Australia to join the study, people who exhibit pre-diabetes conditions, such as being overweight around the middle.
“Study participation will last approximately two years and participants will receive free access to Weight Watchers and treatment with either testosterone or placebo.
“By giving testosterone supplements to men in that critical pre-diabetes stage, and by putting them on a dedicated weight-loss program, we hope to see sustained reductions in weight and a reduced chance to develop type 2 diabetes.
“Older men who have developed a large belly and are at risk of diabetes now have an opportunity to do something about their weight, improve their lives, and provide us with all-important research results that could benefit many others in the future.”
Dr Conway said in the first six months of study participation, 77 per cent of men lost weight.
“And 83 per cent of men reported that they were getting up at least once at night to urinate before they joined the study. The study participants said this is a very important issue to them, many said it was this problem that motivated them to join the study and take steps to improve their health.
“After only six months of study participation 22 per cent of participants have already reported that they are getting up less often or are not getting up at all and we hope to see this improve further as the study continues.”
Trial participant Michael Pryke signed up because he knew he was at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, given combined factors of lifestyle, weight and a lack of exercise.
“My wife works hard on her own health and on our dietary habits, but I have lacked the necessary motivation to really do something,” he said.
“This study has provided the impetus to finally make the long term life style changes I know I should be implementing, while offering an opportunity to contribute to ongoing research in this area.”
To potential trial participants, Mr Pryke said: “Go for it – you have nothing to lose and an enormous amount to gain.
“Proving the role of testosterone in weight loss will be important and I believe publicity around the positive impacts on the lives of the men who actively participate will have a broader impact.”
Fellow trial participant, Dr Tony Partridge said he had learnt more about pre diabetes and making the relevant lifestyle changes as a result of participating in the trial.
“I have a healthy self-image and an active lifestyle so I was surprised to find I was at risk,” he said.
“Give it a go. You might help others to better health and perhaps also help yourself if risk factors are indicated.”
How to sign up to participate: 1300 865 436
This study is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
Trial contact and interviews: Associate Professor Ann Conway, 02 9767 7222, 0419 011 357 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Media contact: Rachel Gleeson 02 9351 4630, 0481 004 782, email@example.comRead More
The ANZAC Research Institute hosts it’s 12th Annual Symposium.
Photos: Presenters and participants at the symposium.
On Friday 6th September 2013, the ANZAC Research Institute hosted it’s 12th Annual Symposium on the topic of “Frontiers in Bone Biology and Osteoporosis Research”. The Keynote speakers were: Professor Roland Baron, (Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA) and Professor Clifford Rosen (Maine Medical Centre, USA).
Other presenters included Dr Natalie Sims (St. Vincent’s Institute, Melbourne), Dr Paul Baldock (Garvan Institute, Sydney), Professor Mark Cooper (ANZAC Research Institute), Dr Tara Brennan-Speranza (ANZAC Research Institute), Professor Peter Croucher (Garvan Institute), Professor Mike Rogers (Garvan Institute) and Mr Paul Mitchell (Osteoporosis Board of New Zealand and ANZ Hip Fracture Registry steering group).